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Native Plant Society of Texas

Sideoats Grama

Bouteloua curtipendula

Other common name(s):

Banderilla, Banderita, Navajita

Family:

Poaceae (Grass Family)

Plant Ecoregion Distribution Map

Central Great Plains, Chihuahuan Deserts, Cross Timbers, East Central Texas Plains, Edwards Plateau, Gulf Coast Prairies and Marshes, High Plains, Southern Texas Plains, Southwestern Tablelands, Texas Blackland Prairies, Western Gulf Coastal Plain

Plant Characteristics

Growth Form

Grass & Sedge

Height

1
to
3
ft.

Spread

1.5
to
2
ft.

Leaf Retention

Deciduous

Lifespan

Perennial

Habitat and Care Requirements

Soil Type(s)

Sand, Loam, Clay, Limestone, Well Drained

Light Requirement

Sun, Part Shade

Water Requirement

Medium, High

Native Habitat

Grassland

Bloom and Attraction

Bloom Color

Red, Orange, Yellow

Bloom Season

Summer, Winter

Seasonal Interest

Fall Color, Seeds, Larval Host

Wildlife Benefit

Butterflies, Birds

Maintenance

No maintenance needed. Easy to grow from seed. Drought tolerant. Mixes well in plantings with spring wildflowers, because it stays short in the spring. Provides nesting structure for native bees, seed for birds.

Comments

The official State Grass of Texas. Warm season bunch grass, sod-forming. Turns a tan color in fall. Blooms as early as May and produces side hanging seed pods June-November. In the wild it occurs on prairies and woodlands on several soil types, most frequently on clay and sandy loam. Larval Host: several species of Skippers.

References

1) Griffith, Bryce, Omernick & Rodgers (2007). Ecoregions of Texas. 2) https://www.wildflower.org/plants/result.php?id_plant=BOCU. 3) https://portal.torcherbaria.org/portal/taxa/index.php?taxon=Bouteloua+curtipendula&formsubmit=Search+Terms. 4) http://bonap.net/TDC/Image/Map?taxonType=Species&taxonId=17813&locationType=County&mapType=Normal. 5) Wasowski and Wasowski, Native Texas Plants Landscaping Region by Region, 1991, pg. 127. 6) https://www.itis.gov/servlet/SingleRpt/SingleRpt?search_topic=TSN&search_value=41500#null, 7) Native and Adapted Landscape Plants, City of Austin and Texas A&M, 2014., 8) Hatch, Umphres, Ardoin, 2015, Field Guide to Common Texas Grasses, pg 76