Plant Lists by Ecoregion

These plant lists and our Native Plant Database were developed for the Native Landscape Certification Program (NLCP) for use in the classes taught in that program.

To find plants that will work for your landscape, follow the instructions below to download the appropriate PDF, or visit the Native Plant Database

Plant List Instructions

To get a list of native landscape plants that will work in a certain location, first find that location on one of the area maps. Then download the list corresponding to that area.

To best use these lists pay close attention to the “native region” column on the list. The abbreviations in this column are defined in the footnotes on each list and are correlated to the Level IV eco-regions shown on the maps. In some cases your location may appear on more than one map. In that event you may use any of the lists associated with your area. Lists were created for use in classes for particular events and are not meant to be exhaustive lists of suitable plants for a location.

Area MapPlant List
Austin AreaAustin Area Plant List
Big Bend AreaBig Bend Gardeners Guide
Boerne AreaBoerne Area Plant List
Corpus Christi AreaSouth TX Area Area Plant List
Fredericksburg AreaFredericksburg Area Plant List
Highland Lakes AreaHighland Lakes Area Plant List
Houston AreaGreater Houston Area Plant List
Kerrville AreaKerrville Area Plant List
Conroe Area (Montgomery County)
Greater Houston Area Plant List
New Braunfels Area
New Braunfels Area Plant List
North Central Texas AreaNorth Central TX Area Plant List
Northeast Texas AreaNortheast TX Area Plant List
San Antonio AreaSan Antonio Area Plant List
Williamson County AreaWilliamson County Area Plant List
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About the Region

New Braunfels, the location of our Fall 2024 Symposium, straddles both the Edwards Plateau Ecoregion and the Blackland Prairie ecoregion. Interstate 35 divides the city of New Braunfels; its path through the city closely parallels the boundary of these two ecoregions, with the Edwards Plateau on the west side and the Blackland Prairies region to the east. The Edwards Plateau area is also called the Hill Country; however, this general term covers a much larger area extending farther north. Spring-fed creeks are found throughout the region; deep limestone canyons, rivers, and lakes (reservoirs) are common. Ashe juniper is perhaps the most common woody species found throughout the region. Additional woody species include various species of oak, with live oak (Quercus fusiformis) being the most common. Sycamores (Platanus occidentalis) and bald cypress (Taxodium distichum) border waterways. This area is well known for its spring wildflower displays, though they may be viewed in spring, late summer, and fall, as well. According to Texas Parks and Wildlife, average annual rainfall in the Edwards Plateau ranges from 15 to 34 inches.

The Blackland Prairie extends from the Red River south to San Antonio, bordered on the west by the Edwards Plateau and the Cross Timbers, and on the east by the Post Oak Savannah. Annual rainfall averages 30 to 40 inches, with higher averages to the east. This region is dominated by prairie species. The most common grass species include little bluestem (Schizachyrium scoparium) and Indian grass (Sorghastrum nutans) in the uplands and switchgrass (Panicum virgatum) in the riparian areas and drainages. Common herbaceous flowering plants include salvias, penstemons, and silphiums. This area has suffered greatly from overgrazing and agricultural use. Few intact areas remain, though many of the plants can be found along county roadsides throughout the region.

Our four host chapters (New Braunfels, Lindheimer, Guadalupe, and the Hill Country chapters) are located in one or both of the ecoregions above. However, the eastern portion of Guadalupe County also falls within the Post Oak Savanna ecoregion. Annual rainfall averages 35 to 45 inches, with higher averages to the east. A wide variety of hardwood trees are found, including several species of oaks, elms, and in the Bastrop area, loblolly pine (Pinus taeda). Grasses and forbs dominate in the open savannas, with most common grass being little bluestem. Ranching, agriculture, and fire suppression have allowed woody species to encroach on the once-open savannas.

Source: Wildflowers of Texas by Michael Eason