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Zigzag Iris

Iris brevicaulis

Other common name(s):

Family:

Iridaceae (Iris Family)

Plant Ecoregion Distribution Map

Gulf Coast Prairies and Marshes, Western Gulf Coastal Plain
Northern Humid Gulf Coastal Prairies
Flatwoods, Southern Tertiary Uplands

Plant Characteristics

Growth Form

Herbaceous

Height

1
to
2
ft.

Spread

0.5
to
1
ft.

Leaf Retention

Semi Evergreen

Lifespan

Perennial

Habitat and Care Requirements

Soil Type(s)

Loam, Clay, Acid, Moist

Light Requirement

Sun, Part Shade, Shade

Water Requirement

Medium, High

Native Habitat

Woodland, Wetland or Riparian

Bloom and Attraction

Bloom Color

White, Yellow, Blue, Purple

Bloom Season

Spring

Seasonal Interest

Nectar

Wildlife Benefit

Birds, Hummingbirds

Maintenance

Popular ornamentals. Works well in partially shaded rock gardens, perennial borders, rain gardens, ponds and streams. If kept moist, will stay evergreen. Spread by rhizomes. Makes nice cut flowers. Propagation: Clump division, Seed.

Comments

Blooms March-June. Low growing, with zig-zag stems. Long, arching, linear, leaves. Showy purple to white flowers are made up of dark-veined petals and sepals. The sepals are longer than the petals and have a yellow patch toward the base. Attracts birds. Hummingbirds feed on nectar.
Previous Scientific Name(s): Synonym(s): Iris brevipes, Iris foliosa, Iris foliosa var. boonensis, Iris mississippiensis

References

1) Griffith, Bryce, Omernick & Rodgers (2007). Ecoregions of Texas. 2) https://www.wildflower.org/plants/result.php?id_plant=IRBR2. 3) https://portal.torcherbaria.org/portal/taxa/index.php?taxon=Iris+brevicaulis&formsubmit=Search+Terms. 4) http://bonap.net/TDC/Image/Map?taxonType=Species&taxonId=12910&locationType=County&mapType=Normal., 5) https://www.itis.gov/servlet/SingleRpt/SingleRpt?search_topic=TSN&search_value=43192#null, 6) https://www.gardenia.net/plant/iris-brevicaulis
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