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Woolly Ironweed

Vernonia lindheimeri

Other common name(s):

Family:

Asteraceae (Aster Family)

Plant Ecoregion Distribution Map

Cross Timbers, Edwards Plateau, Texas Blackland Prairies
Eastern Cross Timbers, Grand Prairie, Limestone Cut Plain, Western Cross Timbers
Balcones Canyonlands, Edwards Plateau Woodland, Llano Uplift, Semiarid Edwards Plateau
Floodplains and Low Terraces1, Northern Blackland Prairie, Southern Blackland Prairie

Plant Characteristics

Growth Form

Herbaceous

Height

1
to
3
ft.

Spread

1
to
3
ft.

Leaf Retention

Deciduous

Lifespan

Perennial

Habitat and Care Requirements

Soil Type(s)

Sand, Loam, Clay, Caliche, Dry

Light Requirement

Sun

Water Requirement

Low

Native Habitat

Grassland

Bloom and Attraction

Bloom Color

Purple

Bloom Season

Summer

Seasonal Interest

Nectar

Wildlife Benefit

Butterflies, Bees

Maintenance

Great, underused perennial for the garden and meadow. Tough, drought tolerant. Few seeds are fertile, so sow thickly when soil temperature is warm. May also propagate by root division and softwood tip cuttings. Leave stems till spring to provide nesting habitat for tunnel-nesting bees. Needs well-drained conditions. Propagation: Seeds, root division and softwood tip cuttings.

Comments

Blooms June-September. Woolly Ironweed has an upright herb with clusters of colorful, showy lavender to purple disk blooms. Pollination: Butterflies, nectar insects.

References

1) Griffith, Bryce, Omernick & Rodgers (2007). Ecoregions of Texas. 2) https://www.wildflower.org/plants/result.php?id_plant=VELI3. 3) https://portal.torcherbaria.org/portal/taxa/index.php?taxon=Vernonia+lindheimeri&formsubmit=Search+Terms. 4) http://bonap.net/TDC/Image/Map?taxonType=Species&taxonId=4753&locationType=County&mapType=Normal, 5) https://www.itis.gov/servlet/SingleRpt/SingleRpt?search_topic=TSN&search_value=38641#null