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Pines and Prairies Chapter

Bloom Times for Host and Nectar Plants

Common NameScientific NameJFMAMJJASONDColorUseNotes
Antelopehorns Asclepias asperulaxxxxxxxxwhite-greenSHS, desert and sandy areas, host to monarch
Black-eyed Susan, use as cut flowerRudbeckia hirtaxxxxxyellowSHS, dry to moist well-drained soils, juglones tolerant, larval host Gorgone Checkerspot, Bordered Patch BF, high deer resist, 1-2’ x 1’
Bluebonnet (reseeding annual)Lupinus texensisxxxblueSHS, dry limestone-based, host to hairstreak and elfin butterflies, moderate deer resistance, 1’ x 1’
BonesetAgeratina havanensisxxxxxxxxxwhite, pinkSHS-PS, dry well-drained rocky limestone soils, drought tolerant, rocky hillsides and bluffs of southern half o the Hill Country; opposite leaves often persist through the winter; host to Rawson's metalmark, shrubby bush 2-6'
Butterfly weedAsclepias tuberosaxxxxxorangeSHFS, moist to dry well-drained soil, host to monarch, 1-2’ x 2’
CoreopsisCapsicum annumbright yellowSHHost to Am painted lady, Pearl crescent
FrogfruitPhyla nodifloraxxxxxxwhiteSHFS-PS, dry to moist, grows anywhere, semi-evergreen, host to Pharon crescent, 0-1’ groundcover
Gay featherLiatrisxxxxxxpurpleSHFS, well-drained soil, host to Am painted lady, Pearl crescent, 1-3’ x 1’
Green milkweedAsclepias viridisxxxxxxwhiteSHFS, dry limestone soil, host to monarch, 2’
Gulf MuhlyMuhlenbergia capillarisxpinkSHFS, moist sandy, 1-3’ x 2’ grass
HackberryCeltis laevigataSHFS-PS, well-drained, fast growing 40-60’ x 20-30’ fall color host to
HawthorneSHThorns do not plant in public space
Hercules ClubSHThorns do not plant in public space
Little BluestemSchizachyrium scopariumxxxxxxxSHS, dry well-drained sandy, bluish color in spring, reddish-tan in fall-winter, seeds of value to small birds in winter, larval host to Ottoe, Indian, Crossline, Dusted, Dixie Skipper, Cobweb butterfly, dense mounds 2-5’ x 2’
Nettlespurple, whiteSHStinging nettles do not plant in public space
Partridge peaChamaecrista fasciculataxxxxxxyellowSHhost to Cloudless, Sleepy orange, Little sulfer
Passion vinePassiflora incarnataxxxxxxpurpleSHFS-PS, well-drained, host to Gulf and Variegated fritillary, vine
Pawpaw, CommonAsimina trilobaSHFS-PS, poorly drained, moist-wet,1-30’ x 20’
Persimmon, CommonDiospyros virginianaSH
Persimmon, TexasDiospyros texanaSHHost to Gray hairstreak, Henry’s elfin
PipevineAristolochia tomentosaSHFS-PS, well-drained moist, ground cover, host to Pipevine swallowtail
Red MulberryMorus rubraSHWell-drained, summer fruit, host to 35-40’ x 15-20’
Redbud, EasternCercis canadensisSHFS-PS, well-drained, understory, host to Henry’s elfin, 10-30’ x 15-20’
Sumac, AromaticRhus aromaticafall colorSHFS-S, well-drained, 3’ x 2-3’
Sumac, FlameleafRhus lanceolatafall colorSHFS-PS, well-drained, host to Red-banded skipper, 10-25’ x 10-15’
Swamp milkweedAsclepias incarnataxxxxxpinkSHS-PS, moist to wet mucky clay, wetland, host to monarch, 2-4’
Violets (Missouri)SHhost to Variegated fritilary
Wax myrtleMorella ceriferaSHFS-PS, well-drained moist to wet, host to Red-banded hairstreak, evergreen, 6-12’ x 8-15’
Whorled MilkweedAsclepias verticillataxxxxxwhiteSHFS, prairies and open areas, host to monarch
Zizotes milkweedAsclepias oenotheroidesxxxxxxxSHFS, dry sandy or rocky soil, host to monarch, 2’
Black-eyed SusanRudbeckia fulgidaxxxxyellowSNFS-PS, well-drained, moist soils, 1-2’ x 1’
Blue MistflowerConoclinium coelestinumxxxxxblueSNPsh-S, moist sand, clay, 3’
Blue sageSalvia azureaxxxBlue-purpleSNFS-PS, dry limestone-based, well-drained,1.5-2.5’ x 2’
Cowpen DaisyVerbesina encelioidesxxxxxxyellowSNS, dry sandy soils, 3’
Fall AsterSymphyotrichum oblongifoliumxxxblueSNS-PS, dry, well-drained, rocky sandy soil, mounds, blue flowers, 1-2’
FrostweedVerbesina virginicaxxxxxxwhiteSN
Giant ConeflowerRudbeckia maximaxxxyellowSNS-PS, dry to moist sandy, silty soil, 3'-6’
Canadian (Tall) GoldenrodSolidago altissimaxxxyellowSNS-PS
Gregg’s MistflowerConoclinium greggiixxxxxxxxxblue-whiteSNFS-PS, dry gravelly calcareous, 1.5-2’
Indian BlanketflowerGaillardia pulchellaxxxxred-yellowSNS-PS, dry well-drained sandy, moderate deer resistance, 1-2’ x 2’
Kansas GayfeatherLiatris pycnostachyaxxxxxpurpleSNFS, well-drained sandy, rocky, 6’
Lemon BeebalmMonarda citriodoraxxxwhiteSNS-PS, dry well-drained sandy, high deer resistance, 2’
Maximilliam SunflowerHelianthus maximilianixxxxyellowSNFS-PS, well-drained, clay, sandy, 4-6’ x 3’
Mealy Blue SageSalvia farinaceaxxxxxxxblue-purpleSNFS-PS, well-drained, moist limestone, 2-3’ x 1-2’
Orange ZexmeniaWedelia hispida or texana?xxyellow-orangeSNFS-PS dry well-drained, 2’
Prairie SpiderwortTradescantia occidentalisxxpink, purpleSNS-PS, dry well-drained sandy, high deer resistance, to 2’
Prairie VerbenaGlandularia bipinnatifidaxxxxxxxxpurpleSNFS-PS, well-drained dry to moist, open grassy areas, high deer resistance, 0-1’
Purple ConeflowerEchinacea purpureaxxxxxxpurpleSNFS-PS, well-drained, 2’ x 1’
Rattlesnake MasterEryngium yuccifoliumxxxxxxwhiteSNSpiny leaves do not use in public places S, moist well-drained soils, 4-6’
RosinweedSilphium radulaxxxyellowSNFS, dry loam, 4’
Autumn SageSalvia greggixxxxxxxxxred, orange, pink, purple, whiteSNBlackland Prairie, FS-PS, well-drained rocky, nearly evergreen, high deer resistance2-4’ x 2-3’
Scarlet SageSalvia coccineaxxxxxxxxxxred-pinkSNFS-Sh, sandy or clay, 3-6’ x 1-2’
Texas LantanaLantana urticoidesxxxorange-yellowSNFS, well-drained sand, clay, 1-6’ x 2-3’
Texas Star HibiscusHibiscus coccineusxxxxxxxxxdark pinkSNSwamp, marshes, ditches, FS, wet soils 4-7’
White MistflowerAgeratina havanensisxxxxxxwhite-pinkSNEdwards Plateau, well-drained rocky, drought tolerant, 2-6’
YarrowAchillea millefoliumxxxxwhite-pinkSNFS-PS, dry, drought tolerant, to 3’ tall
Inland Sea OatsChasmanthium latifoliumxxxxxShHSh-PS moist sandy loam,clay, host to pepper & salt, Bell’s roadside, bronzed roadside skipper butterflies, high deer resistance, 3’
Am BeautyberryCallicarpa americanaxxxShNPS, moist rich soils, purple berries fall to winter, foliage is a favorite of white-tailed deer, 3-5’ to 9’
Blue MistflowerConoclinium coelestinumxxxxxShNPsh-S, moist sand, clay, 3’
Cedar SageSalvia roemeriaxxxxShNSh, dry well-drained soil, leaf mulch of Juniperus sp., crimson blooms, large leaves will block seedlings and new growth, needs dappled shade, not full sun, 1-2’
Cherokee SedgeCarex cherokeensisxxxShNPS, moist to wet well-drained sandy loam, evergreen, thrives in very moist situations, fine groundcover, high deer resistance, 12-18”
Fall Obedient PlantPhysostegia virginianaxxxxwhite, pink purpleShNS-PS-Sh, moist, but also drought tolerant sand, clay, limestone, 6’
Heartleaf SkullcapScutellaria ovataxxxShNS-Psh, evergreen, moist soil, colonizes vigorously by underground, fleshy roots, high deer resistance, 1-3’
Lyreleaf Sage, instead of ajugaSalvia lyrataxxxxShNSh-PS-S, evergreen, reseeds easily in loose sandy soil, can form solid cover w/ regular watering, mow, walk okay, tolerates periodic flooding, drought, over-watering 1-2’
PigeonberryRivina humilisxxxxxxxxShNPS, moist well-drained soil, 2” white, pink flower spikes, red to orange berries, attracts birds, mod deer resistance
Purple ConeflowerEchinacea purpuraxxxxxxpurpleSNS-PS, dry well-drained soil, can be aggressive, not deer resistant, 2-5’
Spearbract blue-eyed grassSisyrinchium sagittiferumxxShNPS, dry sandy, 8-12” in clumps on threadlike stems, narrow leaves 4-6” long
Turk’s CapMalvaviscus arboreus v. drummondiixxxxxxxShNSh-PS, dry to moist sand, clay, limestone, 2-3’ sometimes 9’
PussytoesAntennaria parliniixxwhiteSHS, dry soil, host to Am painted lady
Texas prairie parsleyPolytaenia texanaxxxyellow greenSHS, dry soil, host to Black swallowtail
Annual phloxPhlox drummondiixxxxwhite, red, pink, purpleSNS, sandy well-drained soil, 6-12" tall
Cusp blazing star (gay feather)Liatris mucronataxxxpurpleSNS, dry soil, up to 3' tall x 1.5' wide