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Mustang Grape

Vitis mustangensis

Other common name(s):

Family:

Vitaceae (Grape Family)

Plant Ecoregion Distribution Map

Cross Timbers, East Central Texas Plains, Edwards Plateau, Gulf Coast Prairies and Marshes, Texas Blackland Prairies, Western Gulf Coastal Plain
Eastern Cross Timbers, Grand Prairie, Western Cross Timbers
Bastrop Lost Pines, Northern Post Oak Savanna, San Antonio Prairie, Southern Post Oak Savanna
Balcones Canyonlands, Edwards Plateau Woodland, Llano Uplift
Coastal Sand Plain, Floodplains and Low Terraces4, Laguna Madre Barrier Island and Coastal Marshes, Mid-Coast Barrier Islands and Coastal Marshes, Northern Humid Gulf Coastal Prairies, Southern Subhumid Gulf Coastal Prairies, Texas-Louisiana Coastal Marshes
Floodplains and Low Terraces1, Northern Blackland Prairie, Southern Blackland Prairie
Flatwoods, Floodplains and Low Terraces3, Southern Tertiary Uplands

Plant Characteristics

Growth Form

Vine

Height

36
to
72
ft.

Spread

5
to
1
ft.

Leaf Retention

Deciduous

Lifespan

Perennial

Habitat and Care Requirements

Soil Type(s)

Sand, Loam, Clay, Limestone, Calcareous, Well Drained

Light Requirement

Sun

Water Requirement

Medium

Native Habitat

Woodland, Wetland or Riparian

Bloom and Attraction

Bloom Color

White, Red

Bloom Season

Spring, Summer

Seasonal Interest

Fruit

Wildlife Benefit

Birds, Small Mammals

Maintenance

Prune to control growth and height.

Comments

Blooms April-June. Common and easily recognized with white, velvety surface on lower side of leaves. Climbs over shrubs and into trees, often shading their leaves. Grapes up to ¾” in diameter, few to the bunch, ripening to dark purple, and usually bitter, even irritating. Native Habitat: Woodlands’ edge, opening, thickets, stream, river bank, fence rows. Birds love the purple fruit.
Previous Scientific Name(s): Synonym(s): Vitis candicans, Vitis candicans var. diversa, Vitis mustangensis var. diversa

References

1) Griffith, Bryce, Omernick & Rodgers (2007). Ecoregions of Texas. 2) https://www.wildflower.org/plants/result.php?id_plant=VIMU2. 3) http://bonap.net/TDC/Image/Map?taxonType=Species&taxonId=24091&locationType=County&mapType=Normal, 4) https://www.itis.gov/servlet/SingleRpt/SingleRpt?search_topic=TSN&search_value=28621#null